Tutela dei diritti umani alle frontiere interne ed esterne dell’Europa e lotta alla criminalizzazione della solidarietà: su questi due pilastri si basa la riflessione proposta da Osservatorio Solidarietà , e condivisa da decine di associazioni italiane, alla Conferenza in corso a Varsavia “2018 Human Dimension Implementation Meeting Highlights“. promossa dall’OSCE.
Abbiamo chiesto di contribuire a prevenire, fermare e combattere la criminalizzazione dei difensori dei diritti umani e degli atti umanitari, al fine di assicurare la corretta applicazione delle linee guida sui difensori dei diritti umani redatte da OSCE e da ODIHR. Abbiamo chiesto inoltre di proteggere i diritti umani alle frontiere e nel soggiorno, di promuovere le ricollocazioni previste dal trattato di Dublino e garantire le condizioni migliori per le attività di ricerca e soccorso nel Mediterraneo centrale.
Qui di seguito il testo (in inglese) come letto, nella giornata del 18 settembre 2018, alla conferenza di Varsavia
Human Dimension implementation meeting Highlights 2018
Warsaw, Poland | 10 – 21 September 2018
Human rights at borders – the criminalization of solidarity | An appeal by Italian civil society organizations (CSOs).
Many Italian organizations working for the protection of human rights (including the Observatory on Solidarity of Milan , Alter Ego – Fabbrica dei diritti and other organizations) have repeatedly denounced the protracted stygmatization and criminalization of humanitarian workers, human rights defenders and ordinary citizens, both at land and sea borders.
During 2017 and 2018 citizens or solidarity organizations, who have assisted or simply helped migrants to survive have been frequently criminalized and brought to courts, especially at the borders, in Ventimiglia or in the Alps, on the border with France and Switzerland.
Frequent, media and some political leaders’ public attacks and accusations of being “pull” factor or even worse colluded with traffickers have generated a climate of mistrust and suspicion towards the work of these defenders of the rights of people on the move. This situation, already evident more than a year ago, and has now worsened to the extent that from criminalization we have observing an abrupt swift to mere “denial” of the right to provide solidarity. International Rescue NGOs are for instance barred for entering Italian harbors with their vessels with rescued migrants on board.
We would like to express concern about current and potential future risks of this dangerous phenomenon.
As matter of fact, the activities of volunteers and voluntary associations create a fundamental link in the current society, producing a process that guarantees democratic principles. Actually, humanitarian actors are necessary also to reveal institutional abuses, activating processes of control over the legitimacy of State actions, through appeals to national and international judges. Humanitarian action, even in the form of volunteering, is an essential instrument to counteract processes that risk drifting towards authoritarianism and sovereignty.
For this reasons we consider humanitarian action a fundamental element for the structure of modern democracies. The Observatory, together with a wide range of Italian and international associations, has also closely monitored the activities of NGOs that have been progressively barred from their search and rescue activities in the central Mediterranean area, denouncing the various cases of ports closure, and the criminalization of humanitarian actors.
We need a timely intervention of international bodies, as already announced by the High Commissioner for Human Rights, to ensure a constant monitoring of the Italian situation with reference to international obligations to respect human rights at the sea and land borders and also on the side of compliance with solidarity obligations established by the European and international treaties and conventions.
- To use all its capacity to contribute to stop, prevent and fight the criminalization of human rights defenders, solidarity and humanitarian aids, and ensure the full respect of the OSCE/ODHIR Human Rights Defenders’ guidelines in Italy.
- To protect the respect human rights of the people on the move at the borders and during their stay in Italy.
- To promote the reform of the Dublin Treaty, assuring the duty of relocation of migrants.
- To protect and contribute to ensure the continuation of NGO’s Search and Rescue activities at sea in the Central Mediterranean.
Milan/Warsaw, September 2018
Adif-Associazione Diritti e Frontiere, Alter Ego – Fabbrica dei diritti, A buon diritto, Articolo 21, Action Aid, Associazione Laudato sì, Centro Astalli, Cisda, Cospe Onlus, Comitato Verità e Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, ForumSaD, Giuristi Democratici, Human Rights International Corner ETS, INTERSOS, Libera associazioni nomi e numeri contro le mafie, Osservatorio Solidarietà della Carta di Milano, Emergency, ForumSad, Proactiva Open Arms, Rainbow 4 Africa NGO, ForumSaD – Forum Permanente per il Sostegno a Distanza, Progetto Diritti , Terre des Hommes, Amnesty International Italia, Greenpeace Italia, Antigone, Verità e Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, Sea Watch, Un Ponte Per.